Turismo negro. Los efectos de la motivación y las actitudes medioambientales en los beneficios de la experiencia


  • Te-Yi Chang Graduate Institute of Travel and Tourism Management of National Kaohsiung. University of Hospitality and Tourism



Palabras clave:

Beneficios de la experiencia, Hsiaolin Village Memorial Park, Motivaciones medioambientales, Motivaciones del turismo negro, Turismo negro


El objetivo de este estudio consiste en discutir el modelo de experiencia de los visitantes que participan en actividades de turismo negro. Como objeto de estudio se han seleccionado las ruinas del pueblo de Hsiaolin, Taiwán, destruido en 2009 por un tifón. Se realizaron entrevistas mediante cuestionario a 341 visitantes del Hsiaolin Village Memorial Park. Para comprobar la relación causal entre las motivaciones de los visitantes que realizan actividades de turismo negro, sus actitudes medioambientales y los beneficios de la experiencia en la ruinas de turismo negro se han empleado modelos de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM). En este estudio los beneficios de la experiencia de turismo negro se dividen en beneficios sociales, de aprendizaje y de alivio de la tensión psicológica. Los resultados empíricos muestran que una mayor motivación hacia el turismo negro puede mejorar las actitudes medioambientales hacia las ruinas negras y afectar en mayor medida a los beneficios de la experiencia. Además, una mayor motivación hacia el turismo negro puede influir directamente en los beneficios psicológicos de la experiencia, tales como el alivio emocional y de la tensión. Los efectos directos sobre el aprendizaje y los beneficios sociales no son tan contundentes allí donde los beneficios de la experiencia se ven afectados por la percepción emocional de las actitudes medioambientales. En otras palabras, las actitudes medioambientales tienen efectos mediadores parciales. Los resultados de la investigación proporcionan información útil para la planificación de las ruinas de turismo negro y el desarrollo de actividades turísticas.


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Cómo citar

Chang, T.-Y. (2014). Turismo negro. Los efectos de la motivación y las actitudes medioambientales en los beneficios de la experiencia. Revista Internacional De Sociología, 72(Extra_2), 69–86. https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2013.08.06