Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 74, No 2 (2016)

La sensibilidad intercultural en relación con las actitudes de aculturación y prejuicio en inmigrantes y sociedad de acogida. Un estudio de caso


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2016.74.2.034

Antonio González López
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), España

María Paz Ramírez López
Universidad Pontificia Comillas, España

Resumen


El fenómeno de la globalización conlleva importantes implicaciones sociales que justifican la necesidad de estudiar la comunicación intercultural entre los grupos implicados en los procesos migratorios del siglo XXI. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar la relación entre la sensibilidad intercultural y las actitudes de aculturación y prejuicio expresadas por una muestra de inmigrantes y de autóctonos formada por 255 participantes, en la ciudad de Cuenca (España). Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio de carácter exploratorio a través de análisis cuantitativos revelan que tanto los inmigrantes como los autóctonos optan por la asimilación como actitud de aculturación y que los inmigrantes manifiestan un mayor grado de sensibilidad intercultural. Los autóctonos que prefieren la integración muestran menos prejuicio, mientras que los inmigrantes que eligen la integración revelan mayor sensibilidad intercultural. Estos resultados se discuten en comparación con los encontrados en otros estudios con diferentes grupos sociales y culturales.

Palabras clave


Comunicación intercultural; Diversidad cultural; Integración; Multiculturalismo; Relaciones interculturales

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