Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 76, No 4 (2018)

La política italiana entre el multipopulismo y la despolitización


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2018.76.4.18.006

Manuel Anselmi
CCPS | University of Perugia, Italia
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9611-5210

Fabio de Nardis
CCPS | University of Salento, Italia
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3159-5118

Resumen


El objetivo de este artículo es proponer una clave interpretativa del cambio populista de Italia en un contexto de multipopulismo. Los autores intentan analizar los principales fenómenos populistas que han animado a la política italiana como variantes del mismo esquema, cuyo punto en común se encuentra en una matriz civil compartida. La tesis hermenéutica se basa en el hecho de que el patrón de multipopulismo en Italia ha sido determinado por una sucesión de variantes populistas que tienen un solo factor en común: pertenecer a la sociedad civil y, en consecuencia, una marcada inclinación antipolítica. Esta actitud antipolítica de masas y los casos posteriores de populismo están asociados al proceso de despolitización en Italia. Por despolitización, los autores se refieren a un conjunto de cambios en las formas en que se ejerce el poder político en la era neoliberal legitimando a los actores menos capaces de presenciar la presencia de lo “político”.

Palabras clave


Anti política; Despolitización; Neoliberalismo; Política italiana; Populismo

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