Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 76, No 3 (2018)

Diferencias de género en la distribución del tiempo de trabajo en las regiones españolas


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2018.76.3.16.161

Amaia Altuzarra Artola
University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9256-0050

Catalina Gálvez Gálvez
University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7398-8599

Ana María González Flores
University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8228-5868

Resumen


Este trabajo examina la relación entre los patrones de distribución del tiempo dedicado al trabajo remunerado y al doméstico de las parejas heterosexuales y las características socioeconómicas e institucionales de las regiones españolas. La hipótesis que contrastamos es que las regiones con un sistema institucional amplio de políticas sociales y familiares, mayor riqueza, nivel educativo y participación femenina en el mercado laboral, tienen una distribución del trabajo remunerado y doméstico entre géneros más igualitaria. Distinguimos, dentro del trabajo doméstico, entre el tiempo dedicado a las tareas del hogar y al cuidado de los niños. Los datos utilizados provienen de la última Encuesta de Empleo de Tiempo española (2009-2010). La metodología utilizada es el Análisis en Componentes Principales (ACP) y el Análisis Clúster. Los resultados permiten identificar cinco grupos de regiones o patrones de distribución del tiempo entre hombres y mujeres que se asocian con contextos socioeconómicos e institucionales diferentes

Palabras clave


Cuidado de hijos; Marco institucional; Regiones; Trabajo doméstico

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