Hacia un análisis comparado de las innovaciones democráticas. Lecciones de un estudio de N pequeña sobre Presupuestos Participativos mediante fsQCA


  • Matt Ryan University of Southampton
  • Graham Smith University of Westminster



Palabras clave:

Análisis comparado cualitativo, Control ciudadano institucionalizado, Innovaciones Democráticas, Membresía difusa, Presupuesto participativo


Aunque el interés académico por las “innovaciones democráticas” ha proliferado, la mayoría de los análisis empíricos se apoyan en un solo caso de estudio. Se ha prestado poca atención al análisis comparativo de las innovaciones, en concreto de las condiciones en que emergen y se mantienen. Algunos estudios recientes sobre presupuestos participativos (PP) han comenzado a emplear análisis de casos cruzados en un intento por explicar los resultados divergentes. En este artículo se sostiene que el análisis comparado de las innovaciones podría mejorar significativamente mediante la aplicación de una técnica relativamente nueva, el análisis cualitativo comparado de conjuntos difusos (fsQCA). Aquí se ofrece un estudio de N pequeña sobre PP para identificar el potencial (y las dificultades) que entraña el empleo de fsQCA para evaluar las condiciones en las que tal innovación se institucionaliza de forma efectiva.


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Cómo citar

Ryan, M., & Smith, G. (2012). Hacia un análisis comparado de las innovaciones democráticas. Lecciones de un estudio de N pequeña sobre Presupuestos Participativos mediante fsQCA. Revista Internacional De Sociología, 70(Extra_2), 89–120. https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2012.01.28