Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 75, No 2 (2017)

¿Queremos más o menos? Desencuentros entre las horas de trabajo que tenemos y las que preferimos en España, 2005-2014


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2017.75.2.15.118

Margarita Torre Fernández
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1051-9717

Resumen


Los desajustes entre el número de horas que la gente trabaja y el que desearía trabajar son frecuentes y tienen importantes consecuencias para la vida individual, familiar y organizativa. Este trabajo contribuye a la investigación sobre los efectos de la crisis económica en la calidad del trabajo. A partir de datos de la Encuesta Española de Población Activa (LFS) entre 2005 y 2014, este estudio testa tres escenarios alternativos sobre las tendencias de los desajustes en las horas de trabajo en tiempos de crisis. El estudio revela que el nivel de desajustes ha crecido significativamente con la recesión económica, debido al aumento de personas que desean trabajar más horas de las que trabajan. Los resultados muestran que este aumento ha sido particularmente llamativo entre los trabajadores con contratos temporales, a tiempo parcial, en ocupaciones de bajo estatus y mujeres. Como resultado, la crisis económica ha acelerado la brecha entre trabajadores de alto y bajo estatus en la última década significativamente.

Palabras clave


contrato temporal; desajustes horas trabajo; estatus ocupacional; género; recesión económica; tiempo parcial

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