Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 78, No 1 (2020)

Culpabilización a las víctimas de delitos: alcance y factores asociados


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2020.78.1.18.110

Carmen María León
Universidad Castilla La Mancha, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0591-6056

Eva Aizpurúa
Trinity College Dublin, Irlanda
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7045-5535

Resumen


Actualmente, son escasos los estudios que han analizado las actitudes hacia las víctimas de delitos, especialmente en España. Con el propósito de contribuir a este ámbito, el presente trabajo analiza las principales atribuciones causales sobre la victimización y examina la influencia de las experiencias de victimización y el sexo de los encuestados en la tendencia a culpabilizar a las víctimas. Para ello se contó con una muestra compuesta por 2.112 estudiantes universitarios (63,6 % mujeres y 36,4 % hombres). Los datos fueron recogidos mediante una encuesta online durante el periodo comprendido entre el 7 y el 20 de noviembre de 2017. Los resultados mostraron que los hombres culpabilizaron más a las víctimas que las mujeres. Además, controlando el efecto del sexo, se halló que los encuestados que habían sido victimizados culpabilizaron menos a las víctimas que aquellos que indicaron no haber sido víctimas. Se discuten los resultados y sus implicaciones.

Palabras clave


Actitudes; Experiencias de victimización; Perspectiva de género; Víctimas

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Referencias


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