El efecto austeridad. El activismo de partido en Europa durante la Gran Recesión

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2021.79.4.M21.07

Palabras clave:

Membresía, Afiliados, Activismo, Participación, Organización de los partidos, Efectos económicos

Resumen


El artículo analiza la evolución de la afiliación y el activismo partidista en Europa en los últimos veinte años. Tenemos dos objetivos principales. En primer lugar, proporcionamos una nueva tipología de los diferentes modos de vinculación a los partidos políticos. De acuerdo con el modelo de afiliación multi-speed de Susan Scarrow, abogamos por una re-conceptualización del activismo de partido que lo separe de la afiliación formal. Basándonos en datos de la ESS, observamos que la disminución formal de la vinculación a los partidos va acompañada de proporciones estables o incluso crecientes de activismo partidista, lo que sugiere diferentes tendencias de evolución para diferentes modos de afiliación partidista. En segundo lugar, analizamos el efecto movilizador de la Gran Recesión sobre el activismo de partido en las democracias europeas. Usando regresiones de error estándar corregidas por panel, nuestros resultados muestran que aquellos países que implementaron políticas de austeridad duras experimentaron un aumento significativo del activismo de partido durante los años de los rescates financieros.

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Publicado

2022-01-13

Cómo citar

Rodríguez-Teruel, J. ., Correa, P. ., & Barberà, O. . (2022). El efecto austeridad. El activismo de partido en Europa durante la Gran Recesión. Revista Internacional De Sociología, 79(4), e197. https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2021.79.4.M21.07

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