Juntos pero no revueltos. Miembros, simpatizantes, y el Partido Democrático en Italia

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2021.79.4.M21.06

Palabras clave:

Primarias cerradas, Italia, Primarias abiertas, Miembros de partidos, Simpatizantes

Resumen


En este artículo investigamos el caso del Partido Demócrata en Italia (Partito Democratico - PD). Observamos cómo los miembros y simpatizantes se integran dentro del partido y su papel respectivo en la selección del líder. El PD aplica un procedimiento de dos pasos para seleccionar a los líderes. Primero, los afiliados seleccionan a los candidatos que se postulan para el liderazgo del partido, de modo que solo tres candidatos tienen derecho a pasar a la siguiente etapa. En segundo lugar, el líder se selecciona mediante primarias abiertas en las que se admite el voto de todos los electores. Nuestro objetivo es evaluar si estos procedimientos altamente inclusivos que permiten a afiliados y simpatizantes tener voz y voto en la selección de líderes pueden generar alguna tensión entre los dos electorados. Para ello, nos centramos en el nivel de competitividad de las primarias que involucran, sucesivamente, a afiliados y simpatizantes. Nos basamos en cuatro conjuntos de datos diferentes que incluyen datos agregados a nivel regional sobre los procesos de selección del líder nacional del partido organizados en 2009, 2013, 2017 y 2019. Los resultados muestran que los dos procesos solo han convergido parcialmente. De hecho, tanto las primarias cerradas como las abiertas se caracterizan por una tendencia a la baja; en cambio, el voto de los afiliados a menudo permite primarias cerradas competitivas, mientras que las primarias abiertas tienen más probabilidades de generar resultados plebiscitarios. Esto puede producir importantes consecuencias sobre el papel diferente de los miembros y simpatizantes dentro del partido.

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Publicado

2022-01-13

Cómo citar

Seddone, A. ., Venturino, F. ., & Sandri, G. . (2022). Juntos pero no revueltos. Miembros, simpatizantes, y el Partido Democrático en Italia. Revista Internacional De Sociología, 79(4), e194. https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2021.79.4.M21.06

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