Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 70, No 3 (2012)

La legitimidad de las desigualdades salariales. Una aproximación multidimensional


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2010.11.22

Juan Carlos Castillo Valenzuela
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile

Resumen


El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la legitimidad de la desigualdad salarial en contextos con distintos niveles de desigualdad económica. La pregunta que guía la investigación es: ¿cómo influye un alto nivel de desigualdad económica en la legitimidad de las desigualdades salariales? Tal pregunta requiere, en primer lugar, abordar teóricamente el concepto de legitimidad –característico de la sociología desde weber en adelante– así como también su medición empírica, para lo cual se propone un modelo multidimensional de medición de la legitimidad basado en la teoría de David Beetham. el análisis contempla la estimación empírica de este modelo mediante ecuaciones estructurales y modelos multinivel utilizando datos del Programa Internacional de Encuestas Sociales (ISSP).

Palabras clave


Desigualdad económica; Justicia distributiva; Legitimidad; Percepción de desigualdad

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