Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 70, No 1 (2012)

La división del trabajo doméstico en las parejas españolas. Un análisis de uso del tiempo


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2009.08.26

Marta Domínguez Folgueras
Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Barcelona, España

Resumen


Este artículo compara la distribución del trabajo doméstico en las parejas españolas casadas y cohabitantes, contrastando las hipótesis sobre recursos relativos frente a la construcción de género y considerando si el tipo de pareja influye en la igualdad del reparto de tareas. Para examinar el grado de igualdad, se considera no sólo la contribución de cada miembro de la pareja al tiempo dedicado a las tareas, sino también quién hace qué: ciertas tareas son más restrictivas que otras y se investiga si hay diferencias de género y pareja asociadas a ellas. Los datos estudiados proceden de la Encuesta de Empleo del Tiempo (2002-2003) y se analizan mediante modelos de regresión lineal. Nuestros resultados muestran que las parejas cohabitantes tienen una división del trabajo doméstico más igualitaria, y las parejas homosexuales una división característica.

Palabras clave


Cohabitación; Matrimonio; Parejas del mismo sexo; Roles de género; Uso del tiempo

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