Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 67, No 1 (2009)

Análisis de la división del trabajo doméstico en los hogares españoles


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2009.i1.123

Laia Balcell s i Ventura
Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias Sociales. Fundación Juan March. Madrid, España

Universidad de Yale. New Haven

Resumen


¿Experimentan las mujeres una doble carga laboral? ¿Son las mujeres responsables de las tareas domésticas en los hogares? ¿Qué explica la variación en patrones de distribución de trabajo doméstico que tiene lugar a través de las familias? En este artículo se abordan estas cuestiones partiendo de dos marcos teóricos opuestos: el marco de la New Home Economics, y el del Capital Social, que se ponen a prueba a partir de datos de la Encuesta de Fecundidad y Familia de 1995. Los resultados apuntan hacia la validez de la perspectiva sociológica: las familias donde el marido tiene un estatus laboral medio presentan patrones más equitativos de distribución del trabajo doméstico. Adicionalmente, los resultados confirman la importancia de variables actitudinales como la religiosidad para explicar patrones de división del trabajo doméstico: las mujeres más tradicionales son las que experimentan una mayor doble carga.

Palabras clave


Carreras conjuntas; Convivencia; Hijos; Igualdad de género; Matrimonio

Texto completo:


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