Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 77, No 4 (2019)

Represión y resistencia en Cataluña


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2019.77.4.19.007

Thomas Jeffrey Miley
University of Cambridge, Reino Unido
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4360-7446

Resumen


Este trabajo trata la dialéctica de la represión y la Resistencia en la reciente ola de política contenciosa en Cataluña. Ponemos énfasis en el resurgir breve pero cierto del repertorio discursivo y performativo del recuerdo del pasado revolucionario de Cataluña durante esta ola que ha barrido la región desde hace una década, desde el inicio de la asi-llamada crisis de la Eurozona. El trabajo intenta proveer una interpretación del ciclo de política contenciosa de la región a través del enfoque de la represión estatal. Afilamos en un momento emblemático, de la primavera de 2011, asociado con el movimiento de los Indignados. Prestamos especial atención en su desalojo violento por parte de los Mossos d’Esquadra en mayo, y el intento en el mes siguiente del cerco al Parlament Catalán, con el fin de interrumpir en el debate presupuestario. Sostenemos que la represión violenta del movimiento de los Indignados en Cataluña por parte de las autoridades ‘regionales’ mejor se entiende como la respuesta a un desafío incipiente a las constelaciones jerárquicas de relaciones sociales oprimentes – un desafío que se hizo eco, de hecho amenazó con revivir, recuerdos largamente reprimidos del pasado revolucionario de la ‘región’, un desafió que pudo haber hecho “explotar” este pasado fuera del “continúo de la historia,” para “apropiarse de su memoria cómo se enciende en un momento de peligro” (Benjamín). Este momento de represión violenta por las autoridades catalanas demostró ser el precursor, la condición de posibilidad, para la posterior canalización de la política contenciosa dentro de los confines más cómodos de imaginarios nacionalistas – imaginarios, por supuesto, estructurados jerárquicamente.

Palabras clave


Cataluña; memoria colectiva; amnesia colectiva; revolución de 1936; Indignados

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Referencias


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