Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 70, No 1 (2012)

El uso de internet y la brecha de conocimiento político en España


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2010.01.18

Eva Anduiza
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España

Aina Gallego
Universidad Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, España

Laia Jorba
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España

Resumen


La disponibilidad y fragmentación de medios de comunicación y las posibilidades de elegir contenidos han aumentado en gran medida a raíz de la expansión de los medios digitales. Éstos pueden, según investigaciones anteriores, incrementar las diferencias en los niveles de conocimiento entre ciudadanos con distintas características. En este artículo se analiza cómo el uso de Internet afecta a las diferencias en el conocimiento político según el nivel educativo y el interés por la política en España. Los usuarios frecuentes de Internet saben más sobre política que los no usuarios, como era de esperar. Además, el uso de Internet incrementa el conocimiento político de manera más intensa para los usuarios con niveles educativos más elevados. Por tanto, parece que las diferencias en los niveles de conocimiento pueden estar creciendo con la expansión de los medios digitales. Sin embargo, las diferencias en el nivel de conocimiento de los más y menos interesados en política son menos pronunciadas entre los que usan Internet frecuentemente. Los resultados ofrecen una imagen compleja y matizan las teorías pesimistas sobre el impacto de la creciente posibilidad de elección de contenidos en los medios sobre el conocimiento político.

Palabras clave


Brecha de conocimiento; Conocimiento político; Internet; Nuevos medios de comunicación

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