Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 68, No 1 (2010)

Los determinantes socioeconómicos de la desigualdad económica. Datos de Portugal

Santiago Budría

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/ris.2008.10.24

Resumen


Este artículo utiliza el Panel de Hogares de la Unión Europea (1994-2001) para investigar cuáles son los determinantes socioeconómicos de la desigualdad. el artículo se centra en Portugal, el país de la Unión Europea con mayores niveles de desigualdad, para documentar hechos relevantes sobre las distribuciones de la renta, salarios y rentas de capital. se muestra cómo estas distribuciones están relacionadas con características familiares tales como edad, educación, estado civil y estado laboral. Por último, se emplea un modelo Probit ordenado generalizado para investigar cómo y en qué medida las diferentes características socio-económicas de las familias determinan su estatus económico y su movilidad a lo largo de las distribuciones. el artículo concluye que la educación es, con diferencia, la dimensión socioeconómica más determinante en relación con la desigualdad.

Palabras clave


Desigualdad; Distribución de la renta; Distribución salarial; Distribución de las rentas de capital; modelo Probit ordenado generalizado

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