Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 76, No 1 (2018)

El sentimiento de soledad en la vejez


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2018.76.1.16.164

Juan López Doblas
Universidad de Granada, España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0145-355X

María del Pilar Díaz Conde
Universidad de Granada, España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6289-1126

Resumen


Nuestro objetivo es indagar sobre uno de los problemas sociales que más afectan a las personas mayores, el sentimiento de soledad, distinguiendo entre las dimensiones emocional y social. Utilizando una estrategia metodológica cualitativa, con el grupo de discusión como técnica de producción de información y la teoría fundamentada como técnica de análisis, investigamos acerca de cómo lo experimentan las personas mayores viudas que viven solas, que constituyen un grupo de población que lo sufre especialmente. Hemos constatado que padecen soledad emocional, sobre todo, quienes enviudan a edad avanzada, tras varias décadas de matrimonio. Es un sentimiento ligado al vacío conyugal, con la noche como marco de aparición más propenso. Además, enviudar conlleva el riesgo de sufrir soledad social, debido al distanciamiento relacional que suele producirse con las amistades matrimoniales. También hemos apreciado diferencias de género en la incidencia del sentimiento de soledad, con una especial fragilidad de los varones para combatirlo.

Palabras clave


Metodología cualitativa; Soledad emocional; Soledad social; Vida en solitario; Viudedad

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