Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 75, No 4 (2017)

Experimentando con la tierra. Geotermia, no-conocimiento y transiciones energéticas como experimentos a la intemperie


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2017.75.4.17.05

Matthias Gross
Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena , Alemania
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3716-7512

Manuel Tironi
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile , Chile
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2733-8071

Resumen


Los combustibles fósiles no-renovables hicieron posible lo que se ha llamado el mundo moderno. Dado que los recursos no renovables son cada vez más difíciles y costosos de extraer, la transición a fuentes de energías renovables es una tarea crucial. En orden a enmarcar posibles caminos hacia la innovación responsable y transición dentro de las sociedades democráticas, este artículo se construye en torno al concepto de experimentos “terrenales” o fuera-del-laboratorio para destacar algunas de las condiciones y procesos que pueden promover procesos colectivos de aprendizaje. Esto es hecho por medio de ejemplos empíricos con respecto al establecimiento de sistemas de energía geotérmicas. El artículo trabajará sobre la noción sociológica de experimentos terrenales, entendiéndolos como parte sustantiva de la sociedad, con el fin de destacar críticamente qué podría significar una “ciencia” así concebida para una ciudadanía democráticamente constituida. El artículo mostrará cómo estos procesos experimentales lidian con cuestiones referentes a la aceptabilidad y la gobernanza democrática, y de qué manera aparecen y se gestionan los límites de la experimentalidad de cara a sus desafíos políticos. Mostramos que los “experimentos a la intemperie” tendrán que enfrentarse con incertidumbres crecientes y la inevitable ignorancia que complica las condiciones para la transición hacia energías renovables, pero que también pueden abrir nuevos caminos para involucrar a la ciudadanía en procesos de exploración tecnocientífica.

Palabras clave


Energías renovables; Experimentación; Participación; Sustentabilidad

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