Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 75, No 4 (2017)

El arraigo local en proyectos energéticos comunitarios. Una perspectiva de emprendimiento social


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2017.75.4.17.03

Mihaela Vancea
Universitat Pompeu Fa , España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7970-1322

Sören Becker
Bonn University/Humboldt University Berlin , Alemania
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9391-7912

Conrad Kunze
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ , Alemania
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6121-6583

Resumen


Recientemente, han surgido un número creciente de proyectos energéticos comunitarios, que reflejan diversas configuraciones socio-técnicas en el sector energético. Este artículo se basa en un estudio empírico que examina diferentes tipos de proyectos energéticos comunitarios como las cooperativas energéticas, las empresas de servicios públicos y otras iniciativas de orientación empresarial en toda la Unión Europea. Basado en un análisis en profundidad de tres estudios de caso, el artículo tiene como objetivo introducir una perspectiva de emprendimiento social cuando se discute la relación entre el arraigamiento local y los diferentes tipos de organización y propiedad en la energía comunitaria. Los resultados indican que los proyectos energéticos comunitarios pueden expandirse más allá de la escala local sin perder su forma colectiva y democrática de funcionamiento y propiedad. Además, los movimientos sociales pueden actuar como catalizadores de esta expansión más allá de lo local, en busca de una transformación social más amplia. El emprendimiento social puede proporcionar una lente analítica adecuada para evitar la “trampa local” al examinar diferentes formas de organización y propiedad en el sector de la energía renovable, mientras nos permite ahondar aún más en la cuestión de la expansión territorial de estos proyectos.

Palabras clave


Cooperativas de energía; Emprendimiento social; Empresas de servicios públicos; Energía comunitaria; Energia renovable; Movimientos sociales

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