Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 74, No 1 (2016)

Bancos de tiempo en España. Una exploración de su estructura, gestión y perfil de usuarios


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2016.74.1.028

Carmen Valor
Universidad Pontificia Comillas, España

Eleni Papaoikonomou
Rovira and Virgili University, España

Resumen


Los bancos de tiempo han ido ganando importancia en los últimos años, han sido incorporados en programas políticos, y están siendo objeto de atención por la prensa nacional e internacional como una solución a la crisis que atraviesa el país. Sin embargo, poco se sabe de este fenómeno en España. Este trabajo, tras identificar el papel que los bancos de tiempo han jugado en otros países, analiza tanto la estructura y gestión de los bancos, ofreciendo una taxonomía de los mismos, además de examinar los fines para los que se crean y por los que se participa en ellos. Para ello, se recurre a un método mixto: entrevistas en profundidad con 28 gestores de bancos de tiempo y una encuesta online a usuarios (n=270). Se concluye que el fenómeno de los bancos de tiempo en España tiene más de proyecto social-político que económico-utilitario y que mantiene algunas particularidades que lo diferencian de otros países.

Palabras clave


Bancos de tiempo; España; mercados alternativos; método mixto; perfil

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