Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 73, No 1 (2015)

Encarcelamiento, lazos familiares y reincidencia. Explorando los límites del familismo


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2013.02.04

Joel Martí
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España

José Cid
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, España

Resumen


Este artículo analiza los efectos en la reincidencia de los contactos familiares durante el encarcelamiento y explora los mecanismos explicativos que vinculan ambos factores, en un contexto en el que las familias ejercen un rol central en la provisión de bienestar. Para ello se plantea un diseño mixto, en dos olas, centrado en el estudio de hombres condenados a prisión por delincuencia común en la provincia de Barcelona. El análisis muestra que tanto los lazos familiares más fuertes (parejas y padres) como los más débiles (con otros familiares) tienen un efecto relevante en el proceso de desistimiento, aunque la forma en que operan es distinta (vínculo en el primer caso, apoyo en el segundo). Sin embargo, los resultados muestran también los límites del vínculo familiar cuando no va acompañado de los recursos materiales necesarios para conducir con éxito la transición postpenitenciaria. El análisis cualitativo permite profundizar en los factores explicativos e introducir varios matices a estas conclusiones mediante la observación de casos no confirmatorios.

Palabras clave


Delincuencia; Desistimiento; Familia; Métodos mixtos; Prisión

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