Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 72, No Extra_2 (2014)

El papel del locus de control del jefe entre el guanxi percibido y la conducta de liderazgo en los negocios familiares


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2013.08.11

Tung-Ju Wu
College of Business Administration. Huaqiao University. China, China

Hsien-Tang Tsai
Department of Business Management. National sun Yat-sen University. Kaohsiung. Taiwan, Provincia de Taiwán

Shang-Pao Yeh
Department of Tourism. I-Shou University. Kaohsiung. Taiwan, Provincia de Taiwán

Resumen


La histórica y especial red de relaciones de la sociedad china se basa en lazos de sangre o en conexiones familiares emocionales de las que los negocios familiares son la mejor representación. Junto con la especialización de las estructuras corporativas, la cuestión clave de esta investigación será el poder y el liderazgo de los jefes sobre los subordinados, poniendo el énfasis en la personalidad del jefe. En el modelo de investigación –administración de un cuestionario a 147 negocios familiares de Taiwán, de los que 332 fueron válidos- combinamos el “guanxi” de las sociedades chinas, el poder, las tácticas para tener influencia y el locus de control. Mediante análisis jerárquicos de regresión los resultados muestran la estrecha relación que se da entre el poder de los jefes, el “guanxi” percibido y la conducta de liderazgo, en la que el locusde control de los jefes desempeña un papel destacado. Por eso se recomienda que la designación de jefes en esas empresas sea más cuidadosa. Además de la comunicación con los subordinados, debe prestarse atención a la adecuación entre personalidad y la competencia para mantener una eficiencia laboral y unas relaciones entre jefes y subordinados favorables.

Palabras clave


Bases del poder; Guanxi percibido; Locus de control; Tácticas de influencia

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