Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 70, No Extra_1 (2012)

Diferencias de género en los experimentos económicos


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2011.04.19

Selim Jürgen Ergun
Middle East Technical University, Northern Cyprus Campus, Chipre

Teresa García-Muñoz
Universidad de Granada. Granada Lab of Behavioral Economics (GLOBE), Turquía

María Fernanda Rivas
Middle East Technical University, Northern Cyprus Campus, Turquía

Resumen


Este artículo revisa la literatura en el área de economía experimental sobre las diferencias de género en cuatro temas destacados: aversión al riesgo, confianza, engaño y liderazgo. Se revisan tanto experimentos realizados en laboratorios como experimentos de campo. Resumimos brevemente las principales características de los experimentos que consideramos y señalamos los principales resultados relacionados con las diferencias de género. La gran mayoría de los artículos que hemos revisado documentan diferencias de género en el comportamiento. Estas diferencias podrían explicarse por los estereotipos de roles sexuales que podrían formarse incluso en edades tempranas y / o diferencias hormonales como la hormona femenina oxitocina, o el estrógeno.

Palabras clave


Confianza; Engaño; Experimento económico; Género; Liderazgo; Reciprocidad

Texto completo:


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