Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 70, No Extra_1 (2012)

Cuando las personas obesas son más pacientes que las personas no obesas. Un estudio post-quirúrgico de individuos en una asociación de pérdida de peso

Santiago Budría, Juan A. Lacomba, Francisco Lagos, Pablo Swedberg

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/ris.2011.05.04

Resumen


El objetivo principal de este artículo es investigar las tasas de descuento temporal entre los individuos obesos tratados quirúrgicamente y que pertenecen a una asociación de personas interesadas en controlar su peso. también se analiza si el nivel socio-económico y los rasgos de la personalidad explican las diferencias existentes. las tasas de descuento diferido se obtuvieron utilizando los incentivos monetarios reales en un experimento económico donde a los sujetos se les pide elegir entre una menor y más inmediata recompensa o una recompensa mayor diferida. los rasgos de personalidad son examinados usando el modelo de cinco factores. Curiosamente, nuestros resultados muestran que las personas obesas muestran tasa de descuento menores al grupo de referencia. estas diferencias no pueden explicarse por los rasgos de personalidad. Nosotros sostenemos que la gente obesa no debería mostrar mayores tasas de descuento. De hecho, la conciencia y el compromiso, en lugar de su actual índice de masa corporal, parecen jugar un papel más importante en la determinación de este parámetro.

Palabras clave


Descuento temporal; economía experimental y del Comportamiento; Obesidad

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