Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 69, No 3 (2011)

Justicia ambiental. El estado de la cuestión


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2009.12.210

Alicia Arriaga Legarda
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España

Mercedes Pardo Buendía
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España

Resumen


Cuestiones referentes a la justicia y la equidad social enmarcadas en el ámbito medioambiental han tenido lugar en el movimiento por la justicia ambiental. anteriormente, el movimiento medioambientalista se había centrado, casi exclusivamente, en la conservación del medio biogeofísico, así como en la reducción de elementos contaminantes de la atmósfera, la tierra y el agua. El paradigma de la justicia ambiental, sin embargo, ha tratado de incorporar, desde sus orígenes en Estados unidos hace tres décadas, cuestiones de justicia social en el movimiento medioambiental, con actuaciones de gran éxito nacional. El concepto de “justicia ambiental” es dual, tanto por su faceta como movimiento social, como en calidad de paradigma con enormes implicaciones en la esfera de actuación pública. Este artículo considerará, teóricamente, el estado de la cuestión de la justicia ambiental, con el propósito de evaluar el impacto que este paradigma tiene sobre el movimiento medioambiental y sobre actuaciones políticas.

Palabras clave


Justicia social; medioambientalismo; movimientos sociales

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