Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 78, No 1 (2020)

Bullying y maquiavelismo en la universidad a través del análisis de redes sociales


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2020.78.1.18.096

Kyriaki Spanou
University of Thessaly, Grecia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2220-3805

Alexandra Bekiari
University of Thessaly, Grecia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5605-9165

Dimitris Theocharis
University of Thessaly, Grecia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3670-3635

Resumen


Los objetivos de este estudio son detectar combinaciones de acciones maquiavélicas y de bullying (acoso escolar) y señalar sus determinantes. Se ha recopilado una muestra de cinco redes de estudiantes de los departamentos de Educación Superior en el centro de Grecia (Administración de Empresas, Veterinaria y Educación Física & Ciencias del Deporte) (245 nodos). Se han utilizado cuestionarios estandarizados. Se ha implementado análisis de redes sociales, Spearman y PCA. El departamento de Educación Física exhibe un bullying más denso y acciones maquiavelicas. Los estudiantes que tratan de obtener información beneficiosa de sus colegas son susceptibles de dañar a otros. El engaño a menudo es más susceptible de ocurrir en condiciones de controlabilidad. Burlarse aparece junto con causar infelicidad. Las víctimas de bullying en la infancia son susceptibles de ser acosadas como estudiantes. Los estudiantes de alto estado económico parecen evitar practicar el bullying. Se propusieron tipos de comportamientos maquiavélicos y de acoso escolar basados en el grado de salida (“Maquiavélico ofendido”, “Despiadado”, “Casi bullying”), la autoridad (“Maquiavélico enojado”, “Maquiavélico acosador”, “Agente de problemas oculto”) y el marcador de nivel funcional (“Sólo Ofendido Maquiavélico”, “Molesto”, “Amateur/ auto-buscador”).

Palabras clave


Conductas destructivas; Determinantes sociales; Redes de estudiantes universitarios

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Referencias


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