Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 78, No 1 (2020)

La centralidad de los criterios de merecimiento en la explicación de las actitudes hacia la condicionalidad de la política social


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2020.78.1.18.037

Xavier Guijarro Rubinat
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5820-942X

Resumen


Las políticas de activación laboral y el paradigma de la inversión social han promovido el debate acerca de la evolución de los estados de bienestar hacia una mayor condicionalidad de la política social. Este estudio explora el papel de los criterios de merecimiento y sus interacciones con el autointerés y la ideología para entender cómo las personas desarrollan actitudes específicas hacia la condicionalidad de la política social. Las conclusiones se extraen a través del análisis de la literatura y de una encuesta de opinión pública en Cataluña que presenta una oportunidad única para desarrollar una estrategia empírica fundamentada en la distinción teórica entre criterios de merecimiento y condicionalidad de la política social. El análisis evidencia el poder explicativo de los criterios de merecimiento y cómo estos interfieren con el autointerés y la ideología. Los hallazgos son específicamente relevantes para la comunicación política.

Palabras clave


Actitudes hacia el bienestar; Estado de bienestar; Homo reciprocans; Percepción de merecimiento; Políticas de activación laboral

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