Revista Internacional de Sociología, Vol 77, No 4 (2019)

La juventud después de la austeridad. Comportamiento y actitudes políticas


https://doi.org/10.3989/ris.2019.77.4.19.004

Gema García-Albacete
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2457-5699

Javier Lorente
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9305-4056

Resumen


La crisis económica transformó la manera en la que los ciudadanos se relacionan con la política, afectando de forma más directa a los jóvenes. La crisis supuso un descenso en los niveles de confianza en las instituciones políticas, así como un aumento de las acciones de protesta. Sin embargo, el periodo post-crisis está aún por ser analizado. Diez años después, ¿qué ha ocurrido con las actitudes y comportamientos políticos de los jóvenes? Este artículo analiza las potenciales consecuencias a largo plazo del interés por la política y la confianza institucional de los jóvenes, así como de sus niveles de participación política. Al examinar su comportamiento político, usamos una clasificación de distintos tipos de participantes que nos permite comparar jóvenes y adultos, y también los jóvenes de antes, durante y después de la crisis. A nivel empírico, utilizamos una estrategia descriptiva, valiéndonos de datos de encuesta de la Encuesta Social Europea, cubriendo un importante periodo de tiempo (2002-2016) y 16 países europeos. La comparación, por tanto, es triple: jóvenes a lo largo del tiempo, jóvenes y adultos y jóvenes en diferentes países. Los resultados apoyan la idea del surgimiento de una juventud distinta en el periodo post-crisis, más implicada y participativa que los adultos y los jóvenes de antes de la crisis. Con todo, los resultados no muestran diferencias radicales entre países más y menos afectados por la crisis económica.

Palabras clave


Actitudes de los jóvenes; Europa Occidental; Juventud; Participación política; Recesión económica

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Referencias


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